July 1984: Metallica Releases "Ride the Lightning"

UNITED KINGDOM - JANUARY 01: Photo of METALLICA and Cliff BURTON and James HETFIELD; Cliff Burton (playing Rickenbacker bass) and James Hetfield (playing Gibson Flying V guitar) performing live onstage (Photo by Pete Cronin/Redferns)
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(Pete Cronin/Redferns)

By the summer of 1984, hard rock was sitting pretty--literally. Thanks to the advent of MTV, a new breed of photogenic acts like Bon Jovi and Ratt were invading the rock radio airwaves, ad crossing over to themainstream charts. One band from San Francisco stood in staunch opposition of the growing wave of pop-friendly "hair metal": Metallica.

RELATED: March 1986: Metallica Releases Master of Puppets

Having already put the heavy metal world on notice with 1983 debut album, Kill 'Em All, Metallica was already evolving the group's raw but exceptionally musical take on the genre. Thanks in large part to bassist Cliff Burton's extensive knowledge of music theory, the band began adding new layers and complexities to the song's recorded for the follow-up. They also realized that every song didn't have to break land speed records in terms of tempo, and began working with different rhythms and textures, including acoustic guitars.

Metallica released Ride the Lightning on July 27, 1984. The release was the second and last album the group would ever record for indie label, Megaforce Records. Forced to cut corners during the whirlwind recording sessions, compounded by what they felt was a woeful lack of promotion, the band was eager to jump ship. Elektra Records, smelling blood in the water, began aggressively courting the members of Metallica. When the group performed in New York City in August of 1984, Elektra had a contract ready the following morning. The band signed on the dotted line in September, with the label re-releasing Ride the Lightning in November 1984.

Where Kill 'Em All peaked at #120 on the Billboard 200, Ride the Lightning did a little better, reaching #100 with absolutely no radio play. When it was reissued in 2016, the album went all the way to #48 for the week of May 7, 2016. The #1 album in America that week: The Very Best of Prince.

The legacy of Ride the Lightning far outweighs any chart performance. Considered among the most influential rock albums of all-time, it would be the second to last Metallica album to feature Burton, who would be killed in a tragic bus accident in Sweden 1986.

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